Throughout the semester, we have been updating the website with week by week information on what the students have been learning. Please choose from the weeks below.
Week 37
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 6, Reading 3 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “How do we know what is true?” The grammar lesson will focus on the punctuation of quoted speech as well as identifying words that end in –ible and –able. We will also read the excerpt, “The War of the Worlds.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Science fiction
• Stage directions
• Visible
• Version
• Conferring
• Occurrence
• Evidently
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in class we will be learning about plate tectonics. We will cover how the continents move and how long they have been moving. We will learn about prehistoric continents like Pangea and Gondwana. The students will also be learning about the different tectonic plates around the world and the different boundaries between them. The students will also need to learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Pangea
• Sea–floor spreading
• Plate tectonics
• Tectonic plate
• Convergent boundary
• Divergent boundary
• Transform boundary
• convection
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
We had a relaxed week because of Sports Day, and we had to practice too. But now we must press on — with just two weeks left of the semester before Review Week.
This week, we’ll be finishing of our lesson on Minerals, and then moving onto our final topic of the Rock Cycle.
Vocabulary:

• weathering
• erosion
• deposition
• igneous rock
• sedimentary rock
• metamorphic rock
• rock cycle
• uplift
• subsidence
• rift zone
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we continue our unit on quadratics: using the Distributive Property in reverse, solving simple and advanced quadratics and examining the difference of squares.
Week 36
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 6, Reading 2 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “How do we know what is true?” The grammar lesson will focus on long “I” spelling and participial adjectives. We will also read the social studies article, “Early Astronomers.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Constellations
• Discoveries
• Galaxy
• Phenomenon
• Solar system
• Telescope
• Identified
• Location
• Philosopher
• Predictable
• Theory
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in class we will be studying the layers of the Earth and tectonic plates. We will learn the different layers of the Earth and how they behave. We will also be studying the different type of zones there are between tectonic plates. The students will learn how tectonic theory has changed over time and the evidence for continental drift. The students will also need to learn the vocabulary word for the week.
Vocabulary

• Crust
• Mantle
• Convection
• Core
• Lithosphere
• Asthenosphere
• Mesosphere
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
Just one month to go before the final exams! As they say in racing, “we’re on the final stretch”. Grade 8 will soon become Grade 9. I say, let’s make the most of it.
We’re continuing this week with our discovery of minerals. Last week we looked at five things that minerals have in common to identify as minerals, and this week we shall investigate how minerals are formed, how minerals are classified, and finally, what properties can be used to identify minerals.
We will finish the chapter, as per usual, with a test. Points go towards the final grade. I wish to also use this opportunity to remind students that they must complete all homework assignments if they wish to receive the best grade possible.
This Friday is the ABS Sports Day, and there is no class on that day.
Vocabulary

• mineral
• element
• atom
• compound
• matter
• crystal
• streak
• luster
• cleavage
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we continue our unit on polynomials with more complex multiplication, special products and using the distributive property. Get those pencils sharpened!
Week 35
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 6, Reading 1 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “How do we know what is true?” The grammar lesson will focus on antonyms and modals to express ability, necessity, and permission. We will also read two myths, “How Glooskap Found the Summer” and “Persephone and the Pomegranate Seeds.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Myth
• Hero
• Heroine
• Despite
• Enforce
• Manipulate
• Occupy
• Restore
• Role
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in class the students will be learning about rocks and minerals. We will cover different types of minerals and how they are formed. The students will learn the different conditions that cause minerals to form the way they do. We will study the rock cycle and what rock is and the processes that change it. Later in the week we will learn about the three classes of rock and the properties of each different type. The students will also learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Mineral
• Crystal
• Luster
• Rock cycle
• Rift zone
• Uplift
• Subsidence
• Rock
• Composition
• textures
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
We finished the week with a fun quiz game on Friday, where the students got together in groups to test their knowledge of the geologic timescale. I want to remind all students to please participate, and cooperate with their classmates and teacher, otherwise in future I will have to remove any opportunities to collaborate and have fun in the class, and we’ll need to go back to individual learning in rows, which is less interesting. Everything is so much easier if we cooperate and work together, which is very much what I would like. The students who did participate well in the game ended up winning and were rewarded prizes, and I think it is a shame that not all students chose to compete and play.
We have been looking at the geologic timescale all week, which is a fascinating way to understand how geologists break up the history of the Earth into eons, eras, periods, and epochs. We’ll need to finish this early next week, before moving onto the next Unit of our textbook, which is all about Minerals and Rocks.
Vocabulary

• mineral
• element
• atom
• compound
• matter
• crystal
• streak
• luster
• cleavage
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
The neverending unit on exponents comes to its conclusion with a review of scientific notation, graphing exponential functions and recursive functions and a test on Wednesday. We then embark on our last major unit of the year: Quadratics!!
Week 34
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 5, Reading 4 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Why do we explore new frontiers?” The grammar lesson will focus on comparison structures and frequently misspelled words. We will also read the tall tale, “Pecos Bill: The Greatest Cowboy of All Time.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Onomatopoeia
• Hyperbole
• Instruct
• Invisible
• Partnership
• Rigid
• Substitute
• Unique
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in class we are going to learn about the geologic time scale and major events in Earth’s eras. The students will learn how different types of geologic formations are made and how we can use them to identify major event in the geologic time scale. We will also be learning the different layers of the geologic time scale and the eras that that occur. Later in the week we will learn the major geologic events that happened in Earth’s history. The students will also need to learn the vocabulary words for the week.
Vocabulary words

• Geology
• Geologic time scale
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
Last week we completed our section on geologic change over time, ending with a test on Friday. If students wish to increase their score then they should carefully review these kinds of quiz questions, plus continue to complete textbooks and portfolios. I also ask that students are attentive, for if they continue talking it disrupts those students who choose to listen, and takes away my time from being dedicated to teaching topics.
This week, we are continuing by looking at the geologic timescale, which is a tool that scientists use to understand different periods in the Earth’s history. The Earth is 4.6 billion years and so it helps to break down time into eons, eras, epochs, and ages.
Vocabulary

• geology
• geologic timescale
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
We will conclude our exponent unit this week, examining geometric sequences as exponential functions and recursive formulas. We will review and go over concepts covered during this lengthy and much interrupted period, concluding with a test on Friday.
Week 33
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 5, Reading 3 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Why do we explore new frontiers?”The grammar lesson will focus on compound words and modals. We will also read the informational text, “The Cowboy Era.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Maintain
• Survey
• Tradition
• Ultimate
• Widespread
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week we will be studying relative and absolute dating. The students will learn how to draw and read a geologic crosssection and be able to determine the relative age of rocks. We will also be learning about radiometric dating and which isotopes can be used for dating different kinds of fossils. We will also learn how scientists use radiometric dating to determine the age of the Earth. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Relative dating
• Superposition
• Unconformity
• Fossil
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
At the beginning of the week we are going to complete our experiment to visualise how fossils are formed. Students started this project on Friday afternoon, and will complete it on Monday.
Then we shall continue our lesson exploring Geologic Change Over Time. We need to understand that, aside from fossils, sedimentary rock, Earth’s surface features, trees, ice, and the sea floor, also all tell us about the history of the Earth.
I am requesting that all students please follow the classroom rules. This includes not playing with handheld gadgets that are a distraction and if I ask a student to put it away then please do so otherwise I will have to confiscate it. I also ask that students do not talk over me when I am giving instruction, out of respect for other students in the class who wish to listen to their teacher but cannot. If we could please continue the week, month, and until the end of the semester with minimum disruption I would greatly appreciate that, as would many students who are engaged in learning. Thank you.
Vocabulary:

• uniformitarianism
• fossil
• trace fossil
• climate
• ice core
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
Everyone will be excited to hear our unit on exponents continues this week! We begin nice and easy with scientific notation and then take a look at exponential functions, graphing exponents and growth and decay.
Week 32
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 5, Reading 2 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Why do we explore new frontiers?” The grammar lesson will focus on learning lettersound correspondence in order to help students read more fluently. We will also read the article, “Maps and Compasses.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Elevation
• Geographical
• Kilometer
• Relief
• Scale
• Sea level
• Adjacent
• Chart
• Erode
• Found
• Labels
• Physical
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
The first part of the week in science class we will be covering geologic changes over time, different types of fossils, Earth’s surface, and earths climate history. The students will learn how different types of fossils are made of and where they can be found. We will be covering continental drift and the evidence that supports it. In the later part of the week we will be learning about relative dating. We will talk about how different rock layer can give us and idea about the age of fossils that are found in each layer. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary words for the week.
Vocabulary

• Uniformitarianism
• Climate
• Fossil
• Trace fossil
• Ice core
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
After welcoming back students from their Christmas break last week, we had a short week of classes (3 days), and this week is the first full week back. Students were made aware of their exam score, and official grade reports will come out soon. Our class has many new students and we welcome them all!
This week we’re continuing with the scientific principles of geologic changes over time. We already started this topic last week and shall delve in deeper to complete the first chapter by the end of the week, with a regularly scheduled test. This topic forms part of the wider subject areas presented in our current textbook called ‘The Dynamic Earth’.
Topics covered throughout the week will include principles of uniformitarianism, fossilization, and how other features of the earth can serve as evidence to tell us the history of the planet.
Vocabulary:

• uniformitarianism
• fossil
• trace fossil
• climate
• ice core
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we continue to examine exponents – how to divide them, what are rational exponents, how to use scientific notation. We’ll strengthen our new or reacquainted knowledge with a lot of homework and inclass work and maybe, if we’re lucky, with a nice quiz! What a funfilled week we have ahead of us!
Week 31
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will review the December Midterm by addressing common mistakes and answering student questions. We will also begin working on, “My Past, Present, and Future” Pamphlet Project. Students will design a pamphlet showcasing their past and current life events, along with their hopes and dreams for the future.
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in class we will be reviewing the midterm tests and the material that we covered before the Christmas break. As a class we will go over questions that students had about the tests and go over difficult questions from the test. We will review geological formations and different factors in soil formation.
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
Welcome back! This week we give Numeracy Ninja a trial run to get your basic math skills up to a professional level. We also reacquaint ourselves with our old friend the exponent, going over some old ground with a truckload of reinforcement. Remember: next year begins four years of high school math; don’t get left behind!
Review and Exam Week
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
Vocabulary
• Students will be asked to demonstrate knowledge of vocabulary by matching definitions
and filling in the blanks.
Grammar
• Students will be asked to demonstrate grammar knowledge by using possessive adjectives
with nouns and pronouns to show ownership, capitalizing proper nouns, identifying
conjunctions, and utilizing the present perfect tense.
Spelling
• Students will be asked to determine the correct spelling of vocabulary words through
multiple choice questions.
Reading Comprehension
• Students will be given an excerpt from the textbook reading and will be asked questions
that demonstrate students’ reading comprehension and critical thinking skills.
Writing
• Students will be asked to demonstrate writing skills through a general writing prompt.
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
• Geosphere
• Atmosphere
• Hydrosphere
• Cryosphere
• Biosphere
• Weathering (chemical and physical)
• Erosion and deposition by water
• Erosion and deposition by wind, ice, and gravity
• Soil formation
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
Earth’s Spheres and Earth Systems
• What is the Earth System?
• Earth’s Spheres:
o What is the geosphere?
o What is the hydrosphere?
o What is the cryosphere?
o What is the atmosphere?
o What is the biosphere?
• How do Earth’s spheres interact?
o By exchanging matter
o By exchanging energy
• Earth’s energy budget
Weathering
• What is weathering?
• Physical weathering:
o Temperature change
o Pressure change
o Animal action
o Wind, water, and gravity
o Plant growth
• Chemical weathering:
o Reactions with oxygen
o Reactions with acid precipitation
o Reactions with acids in groundwater
o Reactions with acids in living things
Erosion and Deposition by Water
• How does flowing water change Earth’s surface?
o By erosion
o By deposition
• Inland Erosion: What factors relate to a stream’s ability to erode material?
o Gradient
o Load
o Discharge
• Inland deposition: What landforms can streams create?
o Canyons and Valleys by Erosion
o Floodplains by Deposition
o Deltas and Alluvial Fans by deposition
• Inland groundwater erosion
• Coastal Erosion:
o Waves
o Currents
o sea cliffs and wavecut platforms
o sea caves, arches, and stacks
• Coastal Deposition
o Beaches
o Sandbars and Barrier Islands
Erosion and Deposition by Wind, Ice, and Gravity
• How can wind shape Earth?
o Abraded Rock
o Desert Pavement
o Dunes
o Loess
• What kinds of ice shape Earth?
o Flowing Ice
o Alpine Glaciers
o Continental Glaciers
• How can gravity shape Earth?
o Slow Mass Movement
o Rapid Mass Movement
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
1. Properties of Triangles
• Total of angles = 180
• Pythagorean Theorem
• Distance Formula
2. Volume
• Spheres
• Cones
• Cylinders
3. Scatter Plots and TwoWay Tables
Week 26
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 5, Reading 1 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Why do we explore new frontiers?” The grammar lesson will focus on using the past perfect to describe something that happened before a certain time in the past. We will also read the excerpt, “River to Tomorrow.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Dialogue
• Flashback
• Accompany
• Assist
• Goal
• Interpreter
• Locate
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in class we will be learning about soil formation. We will learn the difference between dirt and soil. We will learn how decomposition adds to soil nutrients. Later in the week we will learn about different properties of soil and soil horizons. We will also learn why soil chemistry and soil fertility are important to agriculture. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary words for the week.
Vocabulary

• Soil
• Humus
• Soil profile
• Soil horizon
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
We finished last week by conducting an experiment called ‘mudslide mountain’ to measure the effect of rain on erosion and deposition. Next week we’ll need to finish this chapter which looked at erosion and deposition by water, followed by an endofchapter test on Tuesday.
We’ll then move onto the final segment in this unit, which is about other forms of erosion and deposition caused by wind, ice, and gravity. This shall be the end of the unit that is all about the Earth’s gravity.
After this week we have a review week, followed by midterm exams the week after, then we shall move onto the next unit in our textbook, which is all about ‘Our Dynamic Earth’.
Vocabulary:

• dune
• loess
• glacier
• glacier drift
• creep
• rockfall
• landslide
• mudflow
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we finish the Go Math book by examining frequency tables. The second half of the week will be spent reviewing and testing our statistics section: scatter plots, trend lines, formulas for trend lines and frequency tables.
Week 25
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 4, Reading 4 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Can we see change as it happens?” The grammar lesson will focus on using possessive adjectives with nouns and pronouns to show ownership. We will also read an essay by James Baldwin called “Harlem: Then and Now.”
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Rhyme
• Theme
• Brief
• Community
• Published
• Residential
• Section
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class we will continue to learn about different types of erosion and deposition. The main topics of the week will be erosion by wind, ice, and gravity. We will also be covering the different types of deposition that occur with these types of weathering. At the end of the week the students will take a quiz to assess their knowledge from the week’s topic. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary words for the week.
Vocabulary

• Dune
• Loess
• Glacier
• Glacial drift
• Creep
• Rockfall
• Landslide
• mudflow
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
Last week we completed the chapter about weathering, and we concluded the week by conducting an experiment using sugar cubes to demonstrate the differences between physical and chemical weathering. To round off the section, students will also be required to take a test on Monday to accumulate their scores.
Next week, we shall move onto the next sections that study the nature of the changing face of our dynamic Earth. This is a twopart module that first looks at erosion and deposition by water (including inland and coastal), and then investigates erosion and deposition by wind, ice, and gravity. After these modules students will need to start preparing for the midterm exam next month.
Vocabulary:

• erosion
• deposition
• floodplain
• delta
• alluvial fan
• groundwater
• shoreline
• beach
• sandbar
• barrier island
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
We begin our week with a quiz on volume of spheres, cones and cylinders. I hope everyone has their calculators. For the rest of the week, we will shift gears completely and look at scatter plots and lines of best fit. Did he say “lines”? No, that means slope and yintercept and …. Argghhh!
Week 24
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 4, Reading 3 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Can we see change as it happens?” The grammar lesson will focus on capitalizing proper nouns and conjunctions. We will also finish our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Civil rights
• Justices
• Federal court
• Racism
• Segregation
• Troops
• Integrate
• Apparent
• Undertake
• Convince
• Symbol
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class we will be studying how water causes erosion. We will cover streams, coastlines, and underground water sources. The students will be expected to be able to identify causes of erosion and how to prevent or slow it. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Erosion
• Deposition
• Flood plain
• Delta
• Alluvial fan
• Ground water
• Shoreline
• Beach
• Sandbar
• Barrier island
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
Last week Grade 79 students attended scout camp and there were no classes between Wednesday and Friday.
On Tuesday last week, we finished Lesson 1 of our book, all about the interactions between Earth Spheres, now we’re moving onto the next topic, which is ‘weathering’. This is part of a 3step process of how matter moves around the earth’s surface, i.e. “breaks it, takes it, drops it”, with weathering being the first step as larger matter is broken down into smaller pieces due to various agents that we’ll investigate.
We had our first end of chapter test last Tuesday, and students will be provided their results on Monday. Students also had their workbooks and portfolios graded, and from now on they will be requested for grading at the end of each unit and points awarded accordingly.
Students are reminded they must be responsible for completing all of their own work to the best of their ability, including all notes for their portfolios, so that they can be awarded the maximum amounts of points possible. Students should also be aware that end of chapter test results also count towards their overall grades.
Vocabulary Words:

• weathering
• physical weathering
• abrasion
• chemical weathering
• oxidation
• acid precipitation
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we conclude our Pythagorean Theorem unit with a review and test. On Wednesday, we begin a unit on volume, looking at cylinders, cones and spheres.
Week 23
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will finish our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar and begin watching the film in class. Group discussions will focus on identifying major themes, character motivation, and the differences between the book and the movie.
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week we will discuss the different types of weathering and learn how to identify the causes of weathering. The students will do a project to better understand what different types of weathering look like. Later in the week the students will be quizzed on what causes chemical weathering and what causes physical weathering.
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
This is our final week studying about the Earth system and the five sphere’s of the Earth, but this week there are only two classes. Students and teachers from Grade 8 will be attending scout camp on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday; meaning no class.
On Monday, we will be answering two core questions: “how do the sphere’s interact?” and “what disturbs Earth’s energy balance”. On Tuesday, we will be wrapping things up with an end of chapter review session, and then students will be required to complete their first individual test that counts towards their assessment grade.
Students will also be asked to submit their Science Portfolios and Workbooks for grading on the day of the test. It is recommended that all students should follow the criteria correctly in order to receive the best possible grade at the end of the semester.
Vocabulary:

• Earth system
• geosphere
• biosphere
• hydrosphere
• cryosphere
• atmosphere
• biosphere
• energy budget
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
Alas, a short week, but still enough time for a quiz on Tuesday. Make sure to buy a calculator with a square root function. We finish of our Pythagorean Theorem unit with the mighty Distance Formula.
Week 22
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 4, Reading 2 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Can we see change as it happens?” The grammar lesson will focus on the importance of synonyms in writing, as well as using will or won’t to make predictions about the future. We will also continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Conflict
• Foreshadowing
• Achieve
• Consequence
• Impact
• Incident
• Injured
• Outcome
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class the lesson will be on weathering and erosion. The first part of the week we will be studying different types of physical weathering on different types of rocks. The students will be expected to learn the different types of physical weathering. In the later part of the week we will be covering different types of chemical weathering. We will do an experiment to show the effects of acid rain on different types of rocks. By the end of the week the student will know the difference between weathering and erosion. The students will also know the differences between chemical and physical weathering.
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
This week we are continuing our quest into understanding the Earth’s spheres and how they interact with one another. We want to understand the Earth system and also how the planet balances its energy budget.
We have some interesting activities coming up this week, including ‘Apple Core of the Earth’ (using apples to demonstrate the layers of the Earth), and ‘Atmospheric Planesphere’ (students will be creating their own circular versions of the Earth to visualise the different atmospheric zones), which follow on from our demonstration yesterday, ‘Pizza Slice of the Geosphere’ (involving a real, warm pizza, which was good enough to eat!)
Please don’t forget, this upcoming Tuesday (23rd October) is a public holiday and there is no class.
Vocabulary:

• Earth system
• geosphere
• biosphere
• hydrosphere
• cryosphere
• atmosphere
• biosphere
• energy budget
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we conclude our unit on angles with a quiz and then proceed to launch into the Pythagorean Theorem. Learn it or fail!!! (Luckily it’s pretty simple). Now calculating sides of a triangle should be a breeze – as is finding the distance between two points, even if they aren’t on a nice horizontal or vertical line. Handy!
Week 21
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 4, Reading 1 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Can we see change as it happens?” The grammar lesson will focus on using the present perfect tense when talking about things that happened or did not happen at an unspecified time in the past. We will also continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Fertilizer
• Fossil fuels
• Hybrid
• Microscopic
• Resources
• Solar power
• Alternative
• Communication
• Enable
• Focus on
• Regulation
Grade 8A + 8B Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science we will be starting a new textbook The Dynamic Earth. We will start the book by learning about Earth’s spheres. We will be covering the geosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. We will also be learning about Earth’s energy budget. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Earth system
• Geosphere
• Hydrosphere
• Cryosphere
• Atmosphere
• Biosphere
• Energy budget
Grade 8C Science
Teacher George Perry
This week, we are welcoming the 8C students to their new science teacher, and new homeroom teachers. We shall be introducing students to the new semester and their new classrooms.
We will be introducing the new topics, which is all about ‘Dynamic Earth’. We shall be studying from a new Science Fusion textbook, and students will also be required to complete a ‘science portfolio’ folder this semester. This is meant as an ongoing record of their work and assessment.
Topics to be learned this week include: ‘Earth’s Spheres’ — How matter and energy move through earth’s spheres. Please take note of the keywords to be learned as part of wider comprehension in Grade 8 Science.
Vocabulary:

• Earth system
• geosphere
• biosphere
• hydrosphere
• cryosphere
• atmosphere
• biosphere
• energy budget
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
Sadly, we are leaving slopes and pointintercept equations behind us and moving into new areas (but, don’t worry, you’ll reunite with y=mx+b soon enough). This week we focus on angles, specifically, angle relationships in parallel lines and triangles. Bring it on!!
Review and Exam Week
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
Vocabulary
• Students will be asked to demonstrate their knowledge of vocabulary by matching
definitions and filling in the blanks.
Spelling
• Students will be asked to determine the correct spelling of vocabulary words through
multiplechoice questions.
Reading Comprehension
• Students will be given an excerpt from the textbook and will be asked questions that
demonstrate their reading comprehension and critical thinking skills.
Writing
• Students will be asked to demonstrate their writing skills through a general writing prompt.
Grammar
• Students will be asked to demonstrate their knowledge of grammar by:
○ adding prefixes and inflections
○ identifying relative pronouns
○ identifying homophones and gerunds
○ identifying expressions of quantity
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
Review topics for grade 8 science
• Waves
• Properties of waves
• Sound waves and hearing
• Interactions of sound waves
• Sound technology
• The electromagnetic spectrum
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
1. Solving systems of equations: Given two lines, where do they intersect?
– Possible methods: substitution, graphing, multiplication and addition/subtraction
– What if they don’t intersect? Infinite solutions and one solution
2. Transformations
– Translation, reflection and rotation – know them and love them.
3. Dilations
– Properties and algebraic representations
Week 18
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will work through the reading, writing, and grammar section in our textbook and workbook. The grammar lesson will focus onsimple and compound sentencesas well as error correction. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• famine
• scholarships
• excelled
• interpret
• precise
• cultural
• awareness
• challenge
• global
• priority
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class the students will be finishing the lesson on sound and sound technology. After we have finished sound the class will be learning about the Electromagnetic spectrum. We will be learning about light and the properties of light. The class will also learn about colors and how they are produced, starlight and how to see it better, and the range of the EM spectrum. The students will also learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Radiation
• Infrared
• Ultraviolet
• Electromagnetic spectrum
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
Our final week of transformations and the semester end by examining dilations in all their many and fascinating aspects – they can get bigger and smaller. Special guest, AntMan, will be demonstrating dilations in person.
Week 17
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 3, Reading 4 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “What defines success?” The grammar lesson will focus on foreign words and expressions of quantity. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar and complete our Postcard Project.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Corporation
• Engineer
• Innovation
• Physicist
• Robotics
• Theories
• Affect
• Attain
• Awareness
• Challenge
• Design
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week the students will be learning about how sound interacts with different objects. We will cover how temperature can affect the speed of sound and how echoes and resonance work. By the end of the week the students will also know how sound and matter interact and how sonic booms work. The students will also be learning vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Echo
• Interference
• Resonance
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we conclude our unit on Transformations. We save the hardest section for last and work on combining transformations, putting all our newly acquired skills to the test. A comprehensive exam on the unit will take place Thursday, with an introduction to dilations on Friday.
Week 16
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will begin our Holes Postcard Project. Students will design a postcard from the perspective of Stanley Yelnats and his experience at Camp Green Lake. We will review the importance of character development and theme through class discussion and a comprehension test. We will also focus on how to write a letter using correct grammar, punctuation, and relevant detail.
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class we are going to be covering sound. By the end of the week students will know what sound is how it travels what determines pitch and what makes something loud. We will also be learning about how humans hear and the Doppler affect. The students will be learning the vocabulary words for the week.
Vocabulary

• Sound wave
• Longitudinal wave
• Loudness
• Decibel
• Doppler affect
• pitch
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we continue with our transformational geometry unit, adding to our repertoire of transformations by examining reflections and rotations.
Week 15
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will begin our Holes reading project. Students will design a postcard that deepens their understanding of the book and its characters. The postcard will represent the life of Stanley Yelnats from his experience at Camp Green Lake. We will also continue our vocabulary lesson from the previous week.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Character motivation
• Suspense
• Considerable
• Displayed
• Objective
• Participate
• Previous
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class the students will be learning about sound how it’s made and how it travels. This week is also the week of the science fair. All of the students will be expected to have completed their projects, displays, and research papers. The students will be setting up their displays for the school and showing the other students their projects on Friday.
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
A sad week: After an epic struggle, we conclude our solving systems of linear equations unit with a review on Monday and a test on Tuesday. No more substitution! No more solving for variables! I sense tears welling. On Wednesday we veer radically to a new subject: Transformational geometry. Get those pencils sharp and rulers and protractors ready!!
Week 14
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 3, Reading 3 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “What defines success?” The grammar lesson will focus oninflections and infinitives of purpose. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Character motivation
• Suspense
• Considerable
• Displayed
• Objective
• Participate
• Previous
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class we will continue to learn about the properties of wave and how to calculate the different properties of waves. The students will also be preparing and putting the final touches on their materials for the science fair.
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we look at various methods of solving a system of equations – that is, finding where two lines intersect. We spend some more time on substitution, which is proving a stubborn concept, and then explore further methods: adding, subtracting and multiplying the equations (or a combination of the three) to eliminate a variable and solving for the remaining one. Same same but different.
Week 13
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This weekwe will start Unit 3, Reading 2 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “What defines success?” The grammar lesson will focus on homophones andgerund phrases. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:
• Extended metaphor
• Repetition
• Stanza
• Cultural
• Distinctive
• Interpret
• Precise
• Pursue
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science we will continue to learn about waves. We will be learning how to describe waves and what things affect a wave. The students will also learn how to determine the speed and frequency of different waves. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary

• Wave
• Amplitude
• Wavelength
• Wave period
• Frequency
• Wave speed
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we are introduced to solving systems of equations – basically figuring out where two lines intersect. Put those thinking caps on!
Week 12
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 3, Reading 1in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “What defines success?” The grammar lesson will focus onprefixes and independent versus dependent clauses. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Enterprise
• Excelled
• Famine
• Satellite
• Scholarships
• Selfportrait
• Aid
• Commitment
• Contribution
• Global
• Priority
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science we will be starting a new book, Sound and Light. The students will be
learning about what waves are, disturbances and transfers of energy. The students will also learn the
how waves move with difference between longitudinal waves and transverse waves. We will also learn
about mechanical and electromagnetic waves. The students will be expected to learn the vocabulary for
the week as well.
Vocabulary

• Wave
• Medium
• Longitudinal wave
• Transverse wave
• Mechanical wave
• Electromagnetic wave
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we continue our study of linear equations, using our previously learned skills of inverse operations and distribution property to determine if an equation as one solution, infinite solutions or no solutions. This short week culminates with a quiz on Thursday.
Review and Exam Week
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
Vocabulary

• Students will be asked to demonstrate knowledge of vocabulary by matching
definitions and filling in the blanks.
Spelling
 • Students will be asked to determine the correct spelling of vocabulary words through
multiple choice questions.
Reading Comprehension
 • Students will be given an excerpt from the textbook reading and will be asked
questions that demonstrate students’ reading comprehension and critical thinking
skills.
Grammar
 • Students will be asked to demonstrate grammar knowledge by spelling regular
plurals, identifying subjectverb agreement, forming the simple past of regular and
irregular verbs, and recognizing active and passive voice in a sentence.
Writing
 • Students will be asked to demonstrate writing skills through a general writing prompt.
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti

• Body Systems (introduction)
• The skeletal and muscular systems
• The circulatory and respiratory systems
• The Digestive and Excretory Systems
• The Nervous and Endocrine Systems
• The reproductive system
• The Immune system
• Infectious disease
• Nutrition and fitness
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon

1. Real numbers, exponents, and scientific notation
a. Real number
i. Rational and irrational numbers, sets of real numbers, ordering real numbers
b. Exponents and Scientific Notation
i. Integer exponents, scientific notation with positive and negative powers of ten,
operations with scientific notation
2. Proportional and Nonproportional Relationships and Functions
a. Proportional Relationships
i. Representing proportional relationships, rate of change and slope, unit rate
b. Nonproportional Relationships
i. Representing nonproportional relationships, slope and yintercept, graphing using
slope and yintercept, situations
c. Writing Linear Equations
i. Writing linear equations from situations, graphs and tables
ii. Linear or nonlinear? Making predictions.
d. Functions
i. Identifying and representing functions, describing functions, comparing functions,
analyzing graphs
Week 9
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 2, Reading 4 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “Where can a journey take you?” The grammar lesson will focus on adverb clauses of time and words ending in ‘y.’ We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Simile
• Metaphor
• Adjust
• Emphasize
• Expand
• Immigration
• Temporary
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
In science class this week we will be going over nutrition and fitness. The students will learn the six classes of nutrients, how to read a nutrition label, and what makes up a healthy diet. The students will also learn about eating disorders, and different types of exercise (aerobic and anaerobic). The students will also be expect to learn the vocabulary words for the week.
Vocabulary

• Nutrition
• Nutrient
• Diet
• Overweight
• Obesity
• Eating disorder
• Physical fitness
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we conclude Unit 2 with a review day on Monday and then a test on Tuesday. The rest of the week will be an introduction into solving linear equations – essentially using inverse operations to isolate and solve for the variables. Much fun will be had with fractions, decimals, variables and “realworld” situations. The excitement is palpable.
Week 8
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 2, Reading 3 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “where can a journey take you?” The grammar lesson will focus on using the passive voice and omitting the ‘by’ phrase. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Stern
• Despair
• Essence
• Prophecy
• Security
• Revenge
• Approach
• Migrate
• Sufficient
• Transport
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week the students will be learning about infectious diseases. We will cover the difference between infectious and noninfectious diseases. The students will learn what causes infectious diseases, how infectious diseases are passed from one person to another, and how to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. The students will also be expected to learn the vocabulary word for the week.
Vocabulary for infectious diseases

• Noninfectious diseases
• Infectious disease
• Antibiotic
• Antiviral drug
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we finalize Unit 2 with an introduction to functions. After examining some basic qualities of functions (in a nutshell, an input yields only one output) we delve into more detail: Is a function proportional or not, linear or not. We utilize our newfounded linear equation expertise to look at linear functions. Finally, we hone our skills at analyzing graphs. Great stuff!!
Week 7
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 2, Reading 2 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “where can a journey take you?” The grammar lesson will focus on adding a suffix to form a new word and sentences using the active or passive voice. We will continue our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:
• Civilizations
• Expeditions
• Explorations
• Markets
• Navigator
• Trade
• Conducted
• Established
• Financed
• Region
• Varied
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week we will be testing on the reproductive systems and the information learned in unit 1. Students will also learn about the immune system. We will learn about different diseases and types of diseases. The students will learn how the body reacts to these different problems with different types of white blood cells. The students will also learn vocabulary for the week.
Vocabulary for week 7

• Pathogen
• Immune system
• Microphage
• T cell
• B cell
• Antibody
• Immunity
• vaccine
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we conclude our unit on linear equations, starting with a test on Monday and a pop quiz Friday. Yay! In between, we apply our newfound skills to word problems. Double Yay!!
Week 6
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 2, Reading 1 in the textbook and workbook. The unit asks, “where can a journey take you?” The grammar lesson will focus on introducing root words and using the simple past of regular and irregular verbs. We will also start our reading book, Holes by Louis Sachar.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:
• Plot
• Character
• Point of view
• Abandon
• Collapse
• Finally
• Investigate
• React
• Strategy
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class we will be studying the human reproductive systems fetal development and STIs. Students will be expected to demonstrate knowledge of the reproductive system, stages of pregnancy and STIs. The students will also be expected to know the vocabulary words and their definitions.
Vocabulary words for week 6

• Sperm
• Testes
• Penis
• Egg
• Ovary
• Uterus
• Vagina
• Embryo
• Placenta
• Umbilical cord
• fetus
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week Algebra I continue studying the slopeintercept form in both proportional and nonproportional situations. Students will learn to map lines using the formula from graphs, tables and the equation itself. Friday will conclude the week with a comprehensive test on the unit.
Week 5
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 1, Reading 4 in the textbook and workbook. The reading continues to focus on the natural world with an emphasis on the water cycle. The spelling and grammar lesson will focus on long ‘a’ spelling and subjectverb agreement.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:

• Atmosphere
• Condensation
• Evaporation
• Precipitation
• Vapor
• Water cycle
• Available
• Consist
• Create
• Process
• Reverse
• Source
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week in science class we will be studying the exciting world of the nervous and endocrine systems. By the end of the week the students will be familiar with the nervous system and the different parts of the nervous system. They will know how their senses work and relay information to the nervous system. We will also be talking about the endocrine system and the students will learn how the endocrine system uses hormones to chemically communicate with the body. The students will also be expected to become familiar with this weeks’ vocabulary words.
Vocabulary words for week 5

• Nervous system
• Brain
• Spinal cord
• Neuron
• Axon
• Dendrite
• Endocrine system
• Hormone
• gland
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we enter the world of nonproportional relationships and, more specifically – drum roll, please – the slopeintercept form, y=mx+b. Major math fun will ensue as we graph and manipulate this powerful and useful equation!!
Week 4
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 1, Reading 3 in the textbook and workbook. The reading continues to focus on the natural world with an emphasis on deserts. The spelling and grammar lesson will focus on compound nouns, and simple and compound sentences.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:
• Figurative language
• Personification
• Setting
• Adapt
• Capable
• Concluded
• Rely
• Route
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week the 8th grade will be learning about the digestive and excretory systems. By the end of the week they should be able to demonstrate knowledge of the major organs in both of the systems, as well as demonstrating knowledge on their basic functions.
The students should also be familiar with and memorize the vocabulary words for the week

• Digestive system
• Enzyme
• Esophagus
• Stomach
• Small intestine
• Large intestine
• Pancreas
• Liver
• Excretory system kidney
• Nephron
• urine
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week Algebra 1 continues studying proportional relationships, finding the rate of change/slope and interpreting it. This then segues to Algebra 1 learning about nonproportional relationships and introducing everyone’s favorite: The slopeintercept form! Much graphing and plugging in x and y values will ensue.
Week 3
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 1, Reading 2 in the textbook and workbook. The reading focuses on the relationship between living and nonliving things in the natural world. The spelling and grammar lesson will focus on regular plurals and comparison structures.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:
• Nonliving
• Nutrients
• Organism
• Photosynthesis
• Reproduce
• Species
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
This week we will be going over the circulatory and respiratory systems. The student will be expected to understand the major working organs in the respiratory and circular systems, and the vocabulary.
Vocabulary

• Lymphatic system
• Lymph
• Lymph node
• Artery
• Capillary
• Cardiovascular system
• Blood
• Vein
• Respiratory system
• Pharynx
• Larynx
• Trachea
• Bronchi
• Alveoli
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we conclude our first unit with studying negative scientific notation and operations. We will have a review of the entire unit with a big test on Thursday, covering all material studied so far this year. Finally, on Friday, we begin a new unit on proportional relationships.
Week 2
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern
This week we will start Unit 1, Reading 1 in the textbook and workbook. The reading focuses on imagery, sensory details, and the life cycles of living creatures. The spelling and grammar lesson will focus on prefixes and order of adjectives.
The vocabulary words for this lesson include:
• Cycle
• Dramatic
• Percent
• Project
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
The students should be familiar with and understand the bones in the skeletal system, the structure of bones, different types of joints, and 3 different types of muscles.
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week we finish the first unit on real numbers and complete our first quiz, followed by beginning Unit 2 on exponents and scientific notation.
Week 1
Grade 8 English
Teacher Alexandra Kern

• Focus on familiarizing students with the classroom, curriculum, staff and fellow students.
• Introduction to classroom rules and expectations.
• Ice breakers and teambuilding exercise to engage students.
• Writing and reading comprehension worksheets to help identify ability and level of English.
Grade 8 Science
Teacher Ian Innocenti
Grade 8 Algebra I
Teacher Neill Dixon
This week will serve as an introduction to Algebra. Algebra can be viewed as a puzzle that requires manipulation to solve for an unknown or a variable. Up until now, students have carried out mathematical operations to the left of the equal sign (or above) with the answer to be filled in to the right of the equal sign. In algebra, manipulation will be required to isolate the variable and then solve for it.
This week we will be studying rational and irrational numbers, sets of real numbers and ordering real numbers. Critical vocabulary and concepts will include: integers, whole numbers, real numbers, cube root, square root, perfect cube, perfect square, principal square root, rational numbers, irrational numbers, repeating decimal, terminating decimal.